San Marino, officially Most Serene Republic of San Marino, is a country in Europe. Here are some interesting facts about San Marino:
San Marino is one of the world's oldest republics and the oldest surviving sovereign state, founded in AD 301.
It is an enclave within Italy, located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.
With an area of just 61 square kilometers (24 square miles), San Marino is the fifth smallest country in the world.
It has a population of around 34,000 people, making it one of the smallest countries in terms of population as well.
San Marino has its own unique political system and is the world's oldest constitutional republic.
The country is named after Saint Marinus, a Christian stonemason who founded the republic.
San Marino has no national debt and maintains a strong economy based on banking, finance, tourism, and the sale of collectible postage stamps and coins.
It is not a member of the European Union, but it uses the euro as its official currency.
San Marino is known for its stunning medieval architecture and preserved historic city center, which has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Three Towers of San Marino—Guaita, Cesta, and Montale—are iconic landmarks and symbols of the country.
Despite its small size, San Marino has its own professional military force called the Guard of the Rock.
The country has no airports, but it is easily accessible by road from nearby Italian cities.
San Marino is known for its high life expectancy, with one of the highest rates in the world.
It has a strong cultural heritage and hosts numerous events and festivals throughout the year, including the San Marino Historic Grand Prix, a vintage car race.
San Marino is famous for its philatelic production, and its postage stamps are highly sought after by collectors.
The government of San Marino operates a lottery known as the "SuperEnalotto," which is popular among both residents and tourists.
San Marino has diplomatic relations with several countries and is a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations.
Despite its small size, San Marino has a national football team and competes in international competitions.
San Marino is known for its low crime rate and is considered one of the safest countries in the world.
The country has a mountainous landscape, with Mount Titano being the highest peak at 739 meters (2,425 feet) above sea level.
San Marino is an enclave within Italy, meaning it is completely surrounded by Italian territory. It does not share any land borders with other countries.