The major religion in Iran is Shia Islam. The majority of Iranians adhere to the Shia branch of Islam, specifically the Twelver Ja'fari school, making Iran one of the largest Shia-majority countries in the world. However, Iran also has religious and ethnic diversity, with sizable minority populations practicing other faiths.
The dominant religion in Iran is Shia Islam, which follows the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and his successors, known as Imams. The majority of Iranians, estimated to be around 90-95% of the population, identify as Shia Muslims. They follow religious rituals, observe Islamic customs, and participate in commemorations related to Shia traditions, such as the mourning processions during the month of Muharram, particularly on Ashura.
While the majority of Iranians are Shia Muslims, there is also a Sunni Muslim minority in the country, primarily concentrated in the regions bordering Afghanistan and Pakistan. Sunnis follow the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and make up around 5-10% of the population. They have their own mosques, religious leaders, and practices, but their presence is relatively smaller compared to the Shia majority.
Iran is home to several religious minority communities. The largest minority religion is Christianity, with significant populations of Armenians, Assyrians, and Chaldeans. These communities have their own churches and participate in their unique religious practices. Other minority religions in Iran include Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Baha'i Faith, each with their respective communities and places of worship.
Iran's government operates as an Islamic Republic, with religious leaders having significant influence in the country's governance and legal framework. The Supreme Leader, appointed by a body of Islamic scholars, holds the highest authority in the country. Iran's legal system incorporates Islamic principles, and religious figures play a role in shaping legislation and policies.
Iran is home to numerous exquisite mosques, each reflecting the architectural splendor and spiritual significance of Islamic culture.
Here are the list of Mosques in Iran where you can pray:
Imam Mosque (Shah Mosque) - Isfahan: Located on Naqsh-e Jahan Square, a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Imam Mosque is an architectural masterpiece of Islamic art and design. With its stunning tilework, intricate calligraphy, and majestic dome, it is one of the most iconic mosques in Iran. The tranquil atmosphere inside the mosque provides a serene space for prayer and reflection.
Nasir al-Mulk Mosque - Shiraz: Also known as the Pink Mosque, the Nasir al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz is renowned for its breathtaking stained glass windows, vibrant tilework, and ornate prayer hall. During morning hours, sunlight streams through the stained glass, creating a mesmerizing kaleidoscope of colors inside the mosque, offering a unique prayer experience.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque - Isfahan: Situated on the eastern side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square, the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is a jewel of Persian architecture. Its intricate tilework, harmonious proportions, and mesmerizing dome captivate visitors. Inside, the prayer hall showcases the subtle beauty of Islamic design, providing a tranquil environment for prayer.
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan - Isfahan: As one of the oldest and largest mosques in Iran, the Jameh Mosque of Isfahan is a testament to the evolution of Islamic architecture over the centuries. Its grandeur encompasses a combination of architectural styles, intricate mosaics, and soaring minarets. The mosque's expansive courtyard and prayer halls offer ample space for worship.
Vakil Mosque - Shiraz: Built in the 18th century, the Vakil Mosque exhibits exquisite tilework, soaring columns, and a picturesque central courtyard. The prayer hall is adorned with intricate designs and beautifully carved mihrab, creating a serene atmosphere for prayer. The mosque is part of the larger Vakil Complex, which includes a bazaar and a public bathhouse.
Jameh Mosque of Yazd - Yazd: This historical mosque in the city of Yazd is known for its distinct Persian architectural style and intricate tilework. It is one of the oldest mosques in Iran, with elements dating back over a thousand years. The tranquil ambiance and stunning details of the mosque make it an ideal place for prayer and reflection.
These are just a few examples of the many remarkable mosques in Iran. Each mosque has its unique charm, architectural features, and historical significance, offering a place for both locals and visitors to engage in prayer and experience the spiritual ambiance of Iran's Islamic heritage.