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Doira - Uzbek National Musical Instrument

A doira (or doyra, dojra, dajre, dajreja) is a medium-sized frame drum with jingles, used to accompany both popular and classical music in Uzbekistan. The simple drum is formed by attaching a skin cover onto a wooden ring with glue and cloth ties. This is similar to the Persian daira and the Turkish def. Some daira have metal pieces attached to give them a tambourine-like quality.


"Qalb Usullare" Tajik Dance by Miriam Peretz accompanied by doira masters Osted Abbos Kosimov and Salokhiddin Fakhriev. This piece was performed at the acclaimed San Francisco Ethnic Dance Festival 2008. 

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  • Dutor (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Rubob (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Tanbur (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Tor (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Ud (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Gʻijjak (spike fiddle)
  • Chang (struck zither)