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Doira - Uzbek National Musical Instrument

Instrument of Uzbek Music, Doira

A Doira (or Doyra, Dojra, Dajre, Dajreja) is a medium-sized frame drum with jingles, used to accompany both popular and classical music in Uzbekistan. The simple drum is formed by attaching a skin cover onto a wooden ring with glue and cloth ties. This is similar to the Persian Daira and the Turkish Def. Some Daira have metal pieces attached to give them a tambourine-like quality.

String

  • Dutor (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Rubob (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Tanbur (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Tor (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Ud (long-necked fretted lute)
  • Gʻijjak (spike fiddle)
  • Chang (struck zither)

Wind

  • Karnay (long trumpet)
  • Nay (side-blown flute)
  • Qoʻshnay (clarinet like instrument made from reed)
  • Surnay (loud oboe)

Percussion

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