Tashkent along with Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva was one of the centers of ancient civilization. The beginning of archaeological research in the Tashkent oasis was laid back in the second half of the 19th century by Russian orientalists, local historians, amateur archaeologists, officials and collectors after the conquest of Central Asia by the Russian Empire and the formation of the Turkestan governorship in 1867.
At the first stages, the study of the history of Tashkent was of an episodic nature, since, according to V.V. Bartold, even in written sources the history of Tashkent - Shash, unlike Merv, Bukhara or Samarkand, is not sufficiently reflected. Information was accumulated literally bit by bit: accidental finds during any excavation, fragmentary references in written sources, fleeting observations of researchers, etc.
Tashkent has preserved some sites of ancient settlements like Aktepa, Ming Urik and Shashtepa.
Top Sights of Tashkent